“They would no longer be affected by Article 5 and the joint declaration,” he said, referring to another agreement with Britain. One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whale fishing, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. In the ensuing discussions, in which the Governor of Hong Kong participated in each round of formal talks as a member of the British delegation, it became clear that the continuation of the British government after 1997 would not be acceptable to China. [7] The Chinese government has always considered that the whole of Hong Kong should be a Chinese territory, since it is acquired because of the inequality of historical contracts. [8] As a result, both parties discussed possible measures in addition to the british government`s pursuit and considered the concept of Hong Kong as a special administrative region of the PRC. In April 1984, the two sides concluded the first discussion on these issues, arranging for Hong Kong to maintain a “high” degree of autonomy under Chinese sovereignty, while maintaining Hong Kong`s well-maintained lifestyle. [7] Until 18 September 1984, both parties had approved the English and Chinese texts of the documents and the exchange of memorandums.

The Uk Government will be responsible for managing Hong Kong to maintain and preserve its economic prosperity and social stability until 30 June 1997, and the PRC government will cooperate in this regard. This event ended 156 years of British colonial rule in Hong Kong. The territory of Great Britain was the last considerable overseas property. With a population of about 6.5 million in 1997, Hong Kong accounted for 97% of the total population of all regions dependent on the United Kingdom. The handover is considered by some to be the definitive end of the British Empire. In response to concerns about leases in the New Territories, MacLehose proposed that the British administration of the whole of Hong Kong be maintained after 1997, contrary to sovereignty. [8] He also suggested that the contracts contain the phrase “as long as the crown manages the territory.” [9] The Hong Kong government has responded to the population growth in a way that should, on the one hand, strengthen confidence in the defence of the interests of the population in the territory and, on the other hand, maintain good relations with the Chinese government. In December 1989, a representative of the British government made a secret visit to Beijing, where he assured the Chinese authorities of Britain`s commitment to make a joint statement and promised that Hong Kong should not become a base for anti-Chinese subversion. In 1990, the Hong Kong government arrested pro-democracy activists for minor offences and imposed fines for violating colonial public order to prohibit independent political activities.